Vaseline is a mixture of solid paraffin hydrocarbons from mineral oils. Under normal conditions, petroleum jelly - a homogeneous maser shaped white liquid (full clean) or from yellow to black (with different degrees of purification) color. It does not taste or smell, is not soluble in alcohol and water, is not affected by alkalis and acids, and is not oxidized. Vaseline is used in various industries to protect metals from corrosion, for impregnating paper and textiles, to produce resistant to the action of strong oxidizing grease, Vaseline as lube is used in many cases. Characteristics: Melting Point, ˚ C - from 37 to 57. Viscosity @ 60 ˚ C, not less 16 cSt.
What we know about Vaseline and how we can use Vaseline as lube? If you look in the dictionary, we see a dry definition: Vaseline - light yellow or colorless fat-like substance, a mixture of heavy hydrocarbons (paraffin, ceresin, petrolatum, etc.). Get the meltdown of hydrocarbons in the oil mixture, followed by purification with sulfuric acid and bleaching clay. Vaseline is the discovery of oil helped. It all started with the fact that a Brooklyn chemist Robert August Chezbro decided to go to Pennsylvania to do oil business. There, he drew attention to the pasty substance similar to wax, which is constantly adhere to the drill pipes and pumps were killed. The only advantage of a mysterious substance without a title at that time was his amazing ability to wound healing.
In Brooklyn Chezbro returned with samples of the substance for further research. During the experiments, he succeeded in isolating a substance from the main active ingredient. And the chemist conducted all these experiments on himself: he inflicted on his own skin, a huge number of small and large cuts and burns, watching their healing. "Oil jelly" just worked wonders. In 1878, the first ever Chezbro began production of petroleum jelly and patented the name, derived from two words: German «wasser» - water and the Greek «elaion» - oil. Vaseline very quickly became very popular and even has become almost indispensable, because used in the most unexpected aspects of life.
It was used for inflammation, abrasions and burns. The main component of the first lipstick and mascara was Vaseline. For a long time it was the safest moisturizer. The fishermen were applied petroleum jelly on the hooks to attract fish. Actress drew Vaseline tears from the audience that looked very natural. Knowing that the Vaseline does not freeze, the Arctic explorer Robert Peary took it with him to the North Pole, to prevent cracking of the skin and rust on the equipment. Because even when wet, hot, tropical climate Vaseline not rancid, the indigenous inhabitants of the valley Amazon used it in cooking, spread on bread, and even used for the exchange as money. Housewives of New England have used Vaseline for polishing and cleaning wood furniture from stains. As it turned out, he gave a second life to old products from the dried skin. Farmers treated their metal implements that he would not rust. Artists applied a thick layer of petroleum jelly on the floor, so it is less spoiled paint.
Vaseline wonderfully developed imagination. The girls team to support football was applied Vaseline on the teeth, muscles of facial expression that is not so tired from the constant smile. Long-distance swimmers smeared Vaseline body; skiers were applied to the face, and baseball - gloves to soften stubborn skin. Today, petroleum jelly is not as popular but is still used in medicine and cosmetology, as well as anti-friction lubricants (for artillery systems, mechanisms, facilitate the descent of ships on the water) as a plasticizer resins, casting and impregnating capacitors. Also produces veterinary petrolatum. By the way, and in the chewing gum in the 50s was part of Vaseline. So far it is unclear how humanity got rid of Vaseline addiction.
The most common means for lubricating are technical Vaseline and engine oil. To grease fittings, unscrew the mechanism should not be - there are special openings in the front of the plate. So, depending on the surface you can use Vaseline as lube in many cases. Since the properties of Vaseline is similar to the engine oil.